Documentarys – Why buying organic & fair?

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Farmers convert to organic cotton (6 min)

ORGANIC & FAIR

Cotton is one of the most polluting industries in the world. India is the second largest producer after Turkey. Although cotton only occupies five percent of cultivated land in India, it accounts for more than half of the total pesticides used in farming there. The cost to the country has not just been environmental.

Why India's cotton farmers are killing themselves

Story highlights (02:28min)

Vidarbha, India (CNN)

Yogita Kanhaiya is expecting a baby soon. She already has a two-year-old son.

Her husband, Moreshwor, a cotton farmer, won’t be around to see his children grown up. He committed suicide early in the pregnancy. Eight years back, Yogita’s father-in-law, also a cotton farmer, took his own life.
  • Vidarbha, the eastern region of the state of Maharashtra, is known as the epicenter of the suicide crisis
  • Farmers are becoming burdened with debt due to falling prices but rising costs

100% GM/BT Cotton – Made in India (29 min)

Bt cotton in India

Cotton is an important cash crop in India. It is grown on 12 million hectares, making India the second largest producer of cotton in the world, behind China. Insect-resistant Bt cotton is the only GM crop currently grown in India. It was introduced in India by Monsanto in 2002, under the trade name Bollgard, in a joint venture with the Indian seed company Mahyco.

Summary: GM cotton failed farmers in India

  1. Bt cotton yields declined
  2. Secondary pests emerged, forcing increased pesticide use
  3. The price of cotton seed rose
  4. Farmers lost the option to buy non-GM cotton seed

Monsanto promised Indian farmers that Bt cotton would:

  1. Reduce the amount of pesticides farmers need to buy to control pests,
  2. Increase harvests and farm income by reducing crop losses due to pest attacks.

In the first few years after Bt cotton was commercialized in India, some farmers saw reductions in pesticide use and crop losses, but this pattern quickly and dramatically changed.

The White Lie – A Child Labour Documentary

(17:41min)

The White Lie

A documentary that highlights the new amendment made to the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act of 1986 and explores the terrible condition of children working in the BT Cotton fields of Gujarat.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=grBdQV0rZVQ

Behind the Label | Full Documentary

(53:14min)

Behind the Label

Inside India’s blood stained cotton industry.  Around 270,000 Indian cotton farmers have committed suicide. Why?

India has replaced almost all its native varieties of cotton with genetically modified plants. The price of cotton seed has soared from 9 rupees a kilo to a staggering 4,000. We ask growers and seed developer Monsanto if the trade is fair, in a film that cuts to the ugly heart of another staggering tale of GM being forced onto third world markets. A devastating tale of corporate greed.

 

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